What is the connection between ADPP Angola, its director Rikke Viholm and the Teachers Group’s massive worldwide network of offshore accounts?
ADPP Angola is a non-governmental organisation in Angola, southern Africa, started in 1986 by the Teachers Group (TG), the controlling body of the broader Tvind organisation. ADPP Angola’s director for the past 30 years or so has been a woman called Rikke Viholm.
Viholm is extremely close to the group’s inner circle (the ‘TG Economy’). And, beyond Angola, she has held numerous positions in the TG organisational structure, trusted to carry out whatever orders she is given.
As a result, both she and ADPP Angola are very closely associated with TG’s darkest secrets, which have led to police investigations, prosecutions, and wanted notices by Interpol. And she has been the director of several offshore companies:
- The Humanitarian Fund: In January 1987, as a young ‘Tvind Teacher’, Viholm was one of two founders of a new TG communal fund, the Humanitarian Fund (HF – Danish: Fonden Humanitære).
Over the next 12 years, 339 TG members subscribed to the fund and paid a portion of their earnings into it, which the HF supposedly used to support ‘good causes’.
But it was later found that the ‘good causes’ were not charities. According to police, they were front companies and the TG inner circle was really using the money to buy farms, property and luxury apartments.
- The ‘Research Institute’: As well as being a founder of the HF, Viholm was also founder and manager of one of its front companies: the Institute for Scientific Research and Applied Sciences (Danish acronym: IFAS), in March 1987.
IFAS never did any of the independent research it claimed. It was actually used to find banana plantations in Central America to buy. (1)
Both the Humanitarian Fund and IFAS were central to the 2003-2006 fraud prosecution of members of the TG Economy, which continues today. Viholm herself escaped prosecution for the scandal.
- The hard currency courier: In 1993, after Viholm was appointed head of ADPP Angola, the TG Economy began using a ‘hard currency trick’ to transfer money from ADPP to offshore accounts in dollars.
Between around 1993 and 1996 the ADPP treasurer, Britta Junge, was instructed to withdraw cash from ADPP accounts in Luanda, Angola, and send it to a member of the TG Economy in Denmark.
On several occasions, Junge personally acted as a courier and flew from Luanda to Copenhagen with up to $30,000 in cash strapped to her body.
The money had originally come from donors to ADPP, such as American oil companies, from salaries, from HF subscribers, and from the sale of used clothing given to Humana People-to-People and UFF. Rikke Viholm must have known this was happening.
- HPP Federation Inc and HPP Inc: Two ‘not-for-profit’ 501(c)(3) charities were registered in 1998 and 2001, apparently with the intention of moving the Humana People-to-People financial nexus from Denmark to the USA. Viholm was on the board of both.
Both companies were allowed to lapse, and the Humana People-to-People offshore centre instead moved to Switzerland in 2004, where….
- Humana People-to-People Federation (The Federation for Associations Connected to the International Humana People-to-People Movement, FAIHPP) was registered in Geneva in December 2004. Viholm was a founding director and vice president until 2010. And …
- The Humana People-to-People Eastern Trust: founded in tax haven Liechtenstein in 2006 with Viholm on the board. She is no longer a board member.
You can search for Viholm on the site here.
Britta Junge, who left the TG in 1995, tells her story here.
(1) As described in the late Hans La Cour’s memoir, Den Rejsende (The Traveller ) (2002, Aschehoug, Norway)